Many people prefer the wood burning stoves because of their aesthetics and also because of their economic advantages. They are available to install in mobiles homes too. But there are more safety measures that you should respect when using one in a mobile home.
When learning how to install a wood stove in a mobile home, there are a few differences in the installation process to learn as well. You will need a close clearance pipe in order to connect the stove to the chimney. You will also need to use spark arresters to avoid the risk of accidental fire in your home. The spark arresters are positioned in the chimney cap. As a supplementary safety measure specific for mobile homes, you’ll need to ground the wood burning stove to the chassis. Your stove should have tie downs to attach it to the floor and stay secured when your mobile home is moving. The wood burning stove should use exterior air for the combustion process. As a supplementary precaution, you should not use one in the bedroom, because of the carbon monoxide intoxication dangers.
In addition to these differences in the installation process between a tradition home a mobile home, you also should choose only stoves especially approved for mobile home use. These types of stoves have a heat shield on the back and a top exiting flue collar and they are in general on the small to medium size. Being designed with these characteristics, the wood burning stoves for mobile homes require less clearance around all sides. That makes them suitable to fit in mobile homes which usually are not providing much space. You should find a place in your home where to install it in such a way that you leave plenty of air space around it.
Before installing a wood burning stove in a mobile home you need to satisfy the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development regulations. Check if your wood stove model has been tested by a HUD approved laboratory and if your particular model is listed for use in mobile homes. Usually the wood stove approved for installing in a mobile home will have metal tag at the rear of the appliance that indicates the name of the stove’s compliance with HUD Standard UM-84 and the testing facility. You will also have to use a tested chimney system connected directly to the stove and a hard ducting system connected directly to the stove’s air inlet, for bringing outside the combustion air. Your choice of wood stoves is limited for mobile home only to those approved by HUD.
When you install the stove in your home respect the minimum clearance required by the manufacturer. The clearance is the open space distance between the flue connector or the top plate of the stove and any combustible materials such as ceilings, walls, furniture, wood storage boxes or trim moldings. You can reduce the recommended minimum clearance only in case that you use some suitable thermal barriers on any combustible materials.
You also need to provide floor protection against radiant heat and sparks. For that purpose you may use a homemade hearth pad or a UL approved prefabricated hearth barrier. Pass the leg fasteners of the wood stove through the hearth pad, to connect to the floor. Locate your wood stove as centrally as possible to allow some space for convection heat.
For the chimney and the combustion air duct avoid cutting any floor joists or rafters. In case that isn’t possible then provide some additional structural framing in those areas. Make certain first that you don’t have any electrical wires, foundation members, fuel lines or plumbing pipes in the path. Your chimney should extend two feet higher than any part of the mobile home and a minimum of three feet above the highest point where it passes through the roof. Always use a chimney that serves a single appliance.